Science

Top 55 Incredible Facts About Space

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Fact #1 A bolt of lightning is five times hotter than the surface of the Sun. The temperature of a bolt of lightning can reach roughly up to 30,000 kelvins. Whereas the surface temperature of the Sun is just 6,000 kelvins

Fact #2 Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) mission comprising an orbiter and a soft lander carrying a rover, launched to the Moon on 22 July 2019

Fact #3 Chandrayaan 2 will be the first to land and explore Moon’s south pole. This is the darkest part on Moon because it doesn’t get sunlight throughout the year. Scientists are hoping for new discoveries

Fact #4 This mission cost around 978 Crores INR which is one of the most cost-efficient missions in history. This mission is more cost-efficient than some of Hollywood latest releases, for Avengers Endgame was made on a budget of 2400 Crores INR.

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Fact #5 The Sun is so dense that it accounts for a whopping 99 per cent of the mass of our entire solar system. That’s what allows it to dominate all of the planets gravitationally.

Fact #6 Cockroaches raised in the space become quicker, stronger, faster and tougher than the cockroaches on the earth.

Fact #7 Venus has the highest no of valcanoes than any other planet in our solar system. There are more than 1,600 major volcanoes across the surface of Venus, including a 5 mile (8 km) high volcano called Maat Mons.

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Fact #8 In 1962, the US blew up a hydrogen bomb in the space and that was 1000 times more powerful than Hiroshima.

Fact #9 There are three main types of galaxies: elliptical, spiral & irregular. The Milky Way galaxy, the one that our solar system resides in, is classified as a spiral galaxy

Fact #10 The closest galaxy to us is the Andromeda Galaxy – it’s estimated at 2.5 million light-years away.

Fact #11 On Venus, it snows metal and rains sulfuric acid. This is because Venus is a scorching planet choked with sulfuric acid, which causes the planet’s metals to become gas and then liquid in the atmosphere, before raining down to the ground after the freezing temperatures turn it into a solid.

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Fact #12 It would take light 100,000 years to travel from one end of the milky way galaxy to the other. A light-year is a distance covered by light in a single year. Light moves at the velocity of about 186,411 miles (300,000 km) a second. So one light-year equates to roughly 5,903,026,326,255 miles.

Fact #13 The first woman in space was Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. She was launched in the spacecraft Vostok 6 on June 16th, 1963. She spent almost three days in space and orbited the Earth 48 times in her space capsule before returning to Earth.

Fact #14 The first artificial satellite in space was called Sputnik. It was launched by the Soviet Union into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4th October 1957.

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Fact #15 The moon is moving away from us by 3.78 cm a year. Scientists do believe that eventually, the Moon will move out of the field of Earth’s gravity; however, this won’t happen for billions of years to come.

Fact #16 A large percentage of asteroids are pulled in by Jupiter’s gravity. For this reason, Jupiter is known as the dumping grounds for our solar system.

Fact #17 There are 88 recognized star constellations in our night sky.

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Fact #18 Your weight on the moon is 16.5% of your weight on the earth.

Fact #19 Venus also rotates clockwise, the sun will rise in the west and set in the east. It is the only planet named after a female.

Fact #20 Venus has an extremely slow axis rotation that takes about 243 Earth days to complete one full cycle. On the other hand, Venus takes only 226 earth days in order to complete one revolution around the sun.

Fact #21 Furthermore, the sun rises every 117 Earth days, which means that the sun will rise only two times each year. Days on Venus are longer than years.

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Issac Newton's apple tree

Fact #22 A sample of Sir Issac Newton’s apple tree was sent into the splace to Defy Gravity.

Fact #23 Comets are leftovers from the creation of our solar system about 4.5 billion years ago – they consist of sand, ice and carbon dioxide.

Fact #24 You wouldn’t be able to walk on Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus or Neptune because they have no solid surface.

Fact #25 The highest mountain known to man is on an asteroid called Vesta. Measuring a whopping 22km in height, it is three times as tall as Mount Everest.

Pluto takes 248 years to orbit the Sun

Fact #26 Pluto takes 248 years to orbit the Sun.

Fact #27 If you could fly a plane to Pluto, the trip would take more than 800 years!

Fact #28 Neptune’s winds are the fastest in the solar system, reaching 2,575 kilometres per hour (1,600 miles per hour). Neptune’s giant, spinning storms could swallow the whole Earth.

Fact #29 The largest canyon system in the solar system is Valles Marineris on Mars. It’s more than 4,000 kilometres (3,000 miles) long — enough to stretch from California to New York. It is nine times as long and four times as deep as Earth’s Grand Canyon!

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Valery Polyakov

Fact #30 Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov spent nearly 438 consecutive days abroad the MIR Space Station.

Fact #31 Gennady Padalka has spent more time in space than anyone else and has spent 879 days in space. He has worked on both Mir and the International Space Station.

Fact #32 The first living mammal to go into space was a dog named “Laika” from Russia. Laika was launched into space on the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 on 3rd November 1957. Sadly, Laika died 5-7 hours into the flight due to overheating and stress.

You cannot cry on the spalce because your tears won't ever fall

Fact #33 You cannot cry on the spalce because your tears won’t ever fall.

Fact #34 If you could stand at the Martian equator, the temperature at your feet would be like a warm spring day, but at your head, it would be freezing cold.

Fact #35 Mercury is the fastest planet in our solar system. It zips around our Sun at an average of 172,000 kilometres per hour (107,000 miles per hour) — about 65,000 kph (40,000 mph) faster than Earth. A year on Mercury is equal to 88 Earth days

15 sunrises and 15 sunsets every day

Fact #36 Astronauts on the international space station withness around 15 sunrises and 15 sunsets every day.

Fact #37 The International space station has been continuously occupied since November 2000. 230 individuals from 18 countries have visited the International Space Station.

Fact #38 The International Space Station is the largest manned object ever sent into space. It is 119 yards (109 meters) long and sits roughly 250 miles (400 km) above the Earth. The International Space Station is the third brightest object in the night sky

Fact #39 The International Space Station circles the earth every 90 minutes. The speed of the ISS as it orbits Earth is roughly 17,150 miles per hour – that equates to 5 miles a second!

eight minutes and twenty seconds for light to travel from the Sun to the Earth

Fact #40 It takes eight minutes and twenty seconds for light to travel from the Sun to the Earth.

Fact #41 The Apollo astronauts footprints, rover prints, and discarded materials will stay preserved on the moon for a very long time. Since there is no erosion by wind or water as the moon has no atmosphere; moreover, there is no volcanic activity to change its surface features.

Fact #42 They won’t stay on there forever, though. The moon still a dynamic environment. It’s actually being constantly bombarded with “micrometeorites,” which means that erosion is still happening on the moon, but very slowly.

If you weighed 68 kg on the earth then you would weigh 1905 kg on the Sun

Fact #43 If you weighed 68 kg on the earth then you would weigh 1905 kg on the Sun

Fact #44 Space is completely silent. As there is no air in space and sound waves cannot travel through a vacuum.

Fact #45 One million Earths could fit inside the sun – and the sun is considered an average-size star. More than 1,300 Earths would fit into Jupiter’s vast sphere.

summer in uranus is 42 years long

Fact #46 Pluto is named after the Roman god of the underworld, not the Disney Dog. The name for the planet was suggested by Venetia Burney, an eleven-year-old British schoolgirl, to the planet’s discoverer Clyde Tombaugh.

Fact #47 The summer in uranus is 42 years long.

Fact #48 Halley’s Comet is a periodic comet and returns to Earth’s proximity about every 75 years. Halley’s Comet was last seen in the inner Solar System in 1986, it will be visible again from Earth sometime in 2061.

Fact #49 A day on Mercury is equivalent to 58 Earth days This is because Mercury rotates on its axis very slowly compared to Earth

water reservoir floating in the space

Fact #50 There is a water reservoir floating in the space. It is equivalent to 140 trillion times all the water in the world’s ocean.

Fact #51 A sunset on Mars is blue. Mars has less than 1% of the Earth’s atmosphere. So the sunsets on Mars appear as blue due to the way the blue light from the Sun is captured within the atmosphere of Mars.

Fact #52 A day on Pluto lasts for 153.6 hours long. This equates to 6 days 9 hours and 36 minutes of the Earth. A day on Pluto lasts so long because of its slow rotation rate.

Fact #53 Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system with a surface temperature of over 450 degrees celsius.

Fact #54 The Sun is over 300000 times larger than earth

Fact #55 A full NASA suit costs $12m, 70% of that cost is for the backpack and control module.