Which is the highest mountain in the world ? Well it depends on how you measure the mountains!
Mount Everest, located in Nepal is usually said to be the highest mountain on Earth. Reaching 8,848 m (29,029 ft) at its summit, Everest is indeed the highest point on earth above the sea level.
Depending upon how you define “highest mountains,” Mount Everest has some rivals!
Mauna Kea has an altitude of 4,207.3 meters (13,803 feet) – much lower than Mount Everest. However, Mauna Kea is an island and if the distance from the bottom of the nearby Pacific Ocean floor to the peak of the island is measured, then Mauna Kea is “taller” than Mount Everest.
Moreover, Chimborazo in Ecuador has the distinction of being the “highest mountain above Earth’s center. It has an elevation of 6,263 m (20,548 ft).
This is because Earth is not a sphere – it is an oblate spheroid. As an oblate spheroid, Earth is widest at its equator. This means that mountains near the equator are technically higher than those in other areas.
Chimborazo is just one degree south of the equator while Everest is 28 degrees north
Here is the list of Top 10 highest mountains in the world above the sea level.
#1 Mount Everest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas across the international border between Nepal and China.
The elevation of Mount Everest is 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above the sea level. The Royal Geographical Society gave Mount Everest its English name in honour of George Everest who was the British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843.
The height of Mount Everest was first published in 1856 when it was known as Peak XV.
Mount Everest is known as Sagarmatha in Nepali which means ‘Goddess of the Sky’, Chomolungma in Tibetan meaning ‘Mother Goddess of the Universe’.
Tenzing Norgay often called Sherpa Tenzing a Nepali-Indian Sherpa mountaineer and Edmund Hillary a New Zealand mountaineer and explorer made the first official ascent of Everest on 29 May 1953 using the southeast ridge route.
The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960
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K2 is the second-highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest and has a height of 8,611 meters (28,251 feet) above sea level. It is located in the Karakoram mountain range between Pakistan and China.
K2 is also known as Mount Godwin Austen or Chhogori and is also called with nicknames likes ‘The King of Mountains’, ‘The Mountaineers’ Mountain’, and ‘The Mountain of Mountains’.
K2 was named by British surveyor T.G. Montgomerie in 1852 with “K” designating the Karakoram Range and “2” since it was the 2nd peak listed. It is named Mount Godwin Austen after the peak’s first surveyor, Col. H.H. Godwin Austen, a 19th-century English geographer.
The summit was climbed for the first time by the Italian climbers Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni on 1954 led by Ardito Desio.
Although the summit of Everest is at a higher altitude, K2 is more difficult and dangerous to climb because it has more chilly, harsh weather and comparatively greater height from base to peak.
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Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world and has an elevation of 8,586 meters (28,169 feet). It is a mountain of the Himalaya range and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India.
Kangchenjunga is the highest mountain in India and second-highest in Nepal after Mount Everest. It lies about 125 kilometers (78 miles) east-south-east of Mount Everest.
The name Kangchenjunga translates “Five Treasures of Snow,” referring to Kangchenjunga’s five peaks.
The Kangchenjunga is the second least climbed peak of the 14 peaks over 8,000 meters (26,247 feet). It was first climbed by Joe Brown and George Band on 25 May 1955, who were part of a British expedition
Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations made by the British Great Trigonometric Survey in 1849 came to the conclusion that Mount Everest known as Peak XV at the time was the highest peak of the world.
Mount Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world at an elevation of 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. It is located about 3 kilometres south of Mount Everest. The summit is on the border between the Khumbu region of Nepal and Tibet of China.
Lhotse is sometimes mistakenly identified as the south peak of the Everest massif. In addition to the main summit, there are two subsidiary peaks, Lhotse Shar, which lies in the east of the main summit and Nuptse, a high peak on the mountain’s west ridge.
The Lhotse South Face is also one of the largest mountain faces in the world. Mount Lhotse was first climbed by the Swiss team of Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss on May 18, 1956.
Lhotse Middle remained the highest unclimbed named point on earth for a long time until it was climbed on May 23, 2001, by Eugeny Vinogradsky.
After various unsuccessful attempts, the South Face was successful climbed only as recently in 1984.
Makalu is the fifth-tallest mountain in the world with a height of 8,485 meters (27,838 ft) and is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid. It is situated in the Mahalangur Himalayas, 19 km (12 miles) southeast of Mount Everest. It is located on the border between Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region, China.
The name “Makalu” is derived from the Sanskrit Maha Kala, a name for the Hindu god Shiva that translates “Big Black.” It is in Nepal’s Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area. Makalu-Barun Valley is a Himalayan glacier valley situated at the base of Makalu in the Sankhuwasabha district of Nepal.
Makalu was first summited on May 15, 1955, by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco.
This is one of the most remote and unfrequented trekking areas of Nepal. It is also known as off beaten area by the trekkers because of the geographical remoteness as well as adverse climatic condition, which normally caused hazardous mountain sickness.
#6 Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu is the sixth-highest mountain in the world at 8,188 metres (26,864 ft) above sea level. It is located on the China-Nepal border. It is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalayas and is 20 km west of Mount Everest.
Cho Oyu means “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan.
The mountain was first climbed via the north-west ridge by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition on October 19, 1954.
Until the ascent of Mount Everest by Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler in 1978, this was the highest peak climbed without supplemental oxygen
Cho Oyu is considered the easiest eight-thousander with the lowest death-summit ratio. It is the second most climbed eight-thousander after Mount Everest. It is considered as a trekking peak achievable for climbers with high fitness but low mountaineering experience.
Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world at 8,167 metres (26,795 ft) above sea level. It is the highest mountain within the borders of a single country – Nepal.
Its name is derived from Sanskrit where ‘dhawala’ means dazzling, white, beautiful and ‘giri’ means mountain.
The Dhaulagiri massif in Nepal extends 120 km (70 mi) from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri. This massif is bounded on the north and southwest by tributaries of the Bheri River and the southeast by the Myagdi Khola.
It was first climbed on 13 May 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian/Nepali expedition.
Dhaulagiri was thought to be the world’s highest mountain after being discovered in 1808 and prior to Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador, South America was considered as the highest mountain in the world.
Dhaulagiri held its title for 30 years until surveys in 1838 replaced by Kangchenjunga and finally, Mount Everest grabbed the crown after surveys in 1852.
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Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world at 8,163 meters (26,781 ft) above the sea level. It is located in Mansiri Himal part of Nepalese Himalayas in the west-central of Nepal.
Manaslu is also known as Kutang. The name ‘Manaslu’ means ‘the mountains of spirit.’ The word ‘Manaslu’ is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Manasa’ which means intellect or soul.
The Manaslu trek exists at 40 miles away from Kathmandu to the east of Annapurna region.
Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956, by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. It is said that “just as the British consider Everest their mountain, Manaslu has always been a Japanese mountain”.
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#9 Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is the ninth highest mountain in the world at 8,126 metres (26,660 ft) above sea level. Located in the Diamer District of Pakistan’s Gilgit Baltistan region.
The name Nanga Parbat is derived from the Sanskrit words nanga and parvata which together mean “Naked Mountain”. The mountain is locally known by its Punjabi name Diamer or Deo Mir, meaning “huge mountain”.
Nanga Parbat is nicknamed as “Killer Mountain” for its high number of climber fatalities. The steep incline of its peak that rises above the ground far below make Nanga Parbat a difficult and dangerous climb.
Nanga Parbat is considered the third-hardest eight-thousanders after Mount Annapurna, Mount K2 and has a death rate of 21 per cent.
The first ascent of Nanga Parbat was a solo climb by the legendary Austrian climber Hermann Buhl on July 3, 1953.
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Annapurna is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes one peak over 8,000 metres (26,000 ft), thirteen peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft) and sixteen peaks over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) and the massif is 55 km (34 mi) long.
Annapurna I Main is the highest peak of the massif and the tenth highest mountain in the world at 8,091 metres (26,545 ft) above sea level.
The name Annapurna is derived from the Sanskrit-language words purna meaning ‘filled’ and anna meaning ‘food’ and can be translated as ‘everlasting food’. It is named after Hindu goddess Annapurna.
The 1950 French Annapurna expedition led by Maurice Herzog successfully reached the summit of Annapurna I, making it the first of the eight-thousanders to be climbed and the only 8,000 meter-peak to be conquered on the first try.
The Annapurna peaks are among the world’s most treacherous and risky mountains to climb. The fatality-to-summit ratio is the highest of any of the eight-thousanders. The ratio of 34 deaths per 100 safe returns on Annapurna I is followed by 29 for K2 and 21 for Nanga Parbat
The most recent report of human casualty has been that of January 17, 2020, due to an avalanche triggered by heavy snowfall.
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List of 30 Highest Mountains in the World
|1||Mount Everest /Sagarmatha /|
|6||Cho Oyu||8,188||26,864||Mount Everest||Nepal/China|
|10||Annapurna I||8,091||26,545||Cho Oyu||Nepal|
|11||Gasherbrum I /Hidden Peak / K5||8,080||26,509||K2||Pakistan/China|
|12||Broad Peak||8,051||26,414||Gasherbrum I||Pakistan/China|
|13||Gasherbrum II / K4||8,035||26,362||Gasherbrum I||Pakistan/China|
|14||Shishapangma / Gosainthān||8,027||26,335||Cho Oyu||China|
|15||Gyachung Kang||7,952||26,089||Cho Oyu||Nepal/China|
|Gasherbrum III / K3a||7,946||26,070||Gasherbrum II||Pakistan/China|
|16||Annapurna II||7,937||26,040||Annapurna I||Nepal|
|17||Gasherbrum IV / K3||7,932||26,024||Gasherbrum III||Pakistan|
|21||Khunyang Chhish||7,823||25,666||Distaghil Sar||Pakistan|
|22||Masherbrum / K1||7,821||25,659||Gasherbrum I||Pakistan|
|25||Batura Sar||7,795||25,574||Distaghil Sar||Pakistan|
|26||Kanjut Sar||7,790||25,558||Khunyang Chhish||Pakistan|