There are 197 countries in the world and some of the nations are so small that they have an area of less than 100 square kilometres. These 10 smallest countries in the world cover a total area of just 1491.4 km² which is even smaller than the area of Mauritius which has an area of 2,030 km² and stands on 27th place among world’s smallest countries.
Vatican City is the world’s smallest country by land area and has an area of only 0.44 square kilometres (0.17 square miles)
Here is a list of 10 smallest countries in the world by total land area.
1. Vatican City – 0.44 km²
Vatican City or the State of Vatican City is the smallest country in the world with only 0.44 sq.km land area. It is the spiritual and governing centre of the Roman Catholic Church.
The smallest country in the world is located on Vatican Hill in north-western Rome, Italy and west of the Tiber River. Vatican City comprises of roughly 110 acres of area and is surrounded by tall stone walls.
The State of Vatican City is ruled by the bishop of Rome – The Pope. It came into existence in 1929 after the Lateran Treaty signed between Italy and the Holy See. With just a population of 1000 people, it is the smallest country in the world by population.
The Vatican is an absolute monarchy and full legislative, judicial and executive authority resides with the Pope. Vatican City is the only country in the world which is also a UNESCO Heritage site.
It is also home to the biggest church in the world – St. Peter’s Basilica, which holds some of the most significant artworks of the Renaissance such as The Pieta and the Creation of Adam.
2. Monaco – 2 km²
Monaco is known as Europe’s tax heaven and is one of the five European micro-states. It is located on the French Riviera in Western Europe with only 2 sq.km in total land area which makes it the second smallest country in the world. It is the most densely populated country in the world with a total population of 38,682 in 2018.
Monaco is home to the largest number of millionaires and billionaires in the world per capita. Micro-state of Monaco is rightly called as the playground of rich and famous. It is also among the safest countries in the world and also has the lowest crime rates in the world.
Principality of Monaco has the largest police force per capita in the world. It has a zero unemployment rate.
It has a literacy rate of almost 100% and the life expectancy rate in Monaco is quite high almost up to 90 years which is one of the longest in the world. Monaco is the only country in the world with Human Development Index above 1.
Read More: Top 12 Interesting Facts about Monaco
3. Nauru – 21 km²
Nauru is the smallest island country in the world. Formerly known as Pleasant Island it is located in the Central Pacific. It is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania.
With an area of 21 sq km, it is the world’s third-smallest country. Yaren is thecapital of Nauru and Denigomodu is its largest city. This small, oval-shaped island has a population of 10,670 residents as of July 2018, making it the world’s second-smallest country by population after Vatican City.
The country had the highest GDP in the world during the early 1980s, but by 2017 it was ranked among the poorest nations. Nauru’s economy was depended on phosphate deposits. Since the phosphate resources are depleted it lead to a 90% national unemployment rate.
Nauru is also known as the country with the most obese people in the world, with 97% of its men and 93% of women being obese or overweight.
4. Tuvalu – 26 km²
Tuvalu is located in the southern Pacific Ocean, situated in Oceania and is almost in the midway between Hawaii and Australia and north of Fiji. With a total land area of just 26 square kilometres (10 sq mi), it is the fourth smallest country in the world.
Tuvalu has a population of about 11,192, 96% of whom are Polynesian. The capital of this small island is Funafuti, which is also Tuvalu’s largest city.
Tuvalu consists of three reef islands Nanumanga, Niutao and Niulakita and six true atolls Funafuti, Nanumea, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae and Vaitupu.
As one of the smallest and most remote nations in the world, this unspoiled corner of the Pacific is the least visited country in the world with just about 2,000 tourists annually.
The average height of the islands in Tuvalu is less than 2 metres (6.6 ft) above sea level, with the highest point of Niulakita being about 4.6 metres (15 ft) above sea level, makes Tuvalu the second-lowest maximum elevation of any country after the Maldives.
Read More: Top 10 Interesting Facts about Tuvalu
5. San Marino – 61 km²
San Marino is also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino. It is surrounded by Italy, situated on the Italian Peninsula on the north-eastern side of the Apennine Mountain.
With a total area of 61 sq.km, it is the fifth smallest country in the world and 3rd smallest country in Europe. San Marino City is the capital of San Marino and the largest settlement is Dogana city.
San Marino claims to be the world’s oldest republic and is one of the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita. It has a population of just 33000 and has the lowest unemployment rates in the world.
Read More: Top 10 Amazing Facts about Spain
6. Liechtenstein – 160 km²
Liechtenstein is a tiny European nation sandwiched between Switzerland and Austria. It is the fourth-smallest and the second-least-visited country in Europe.
Liechtenstein is a constitutional monarchy. With an area of only 160 sq km, it is the world’s sixth smallest country. It has virtually zero national debt.
Liechtenstein has the second-highest GDP per capita in the world after Monaco. The country’s only billionaire is worth 50% of the entire nation’s GDP — and he built his fortune on dental products.
The country has a population of just 38,000 and it is the second-least-visited nation in Europe.
7. Marshall Islands – 181 km²
The Marshall Islands is an island nation in the central Pacific Ocean. It is officially called the Republic of the Marshall Islands and is located about halfway between Hawaii and Australia.
The Marshall Islands has a total area of 181 sq.km which puts it at number seven of the world’s smallest countries. Its islands are scattered over a vast area of ocean about 1.9 million square kilometres (730,000 square miles); equivalent in size to Mexico.
Majuro is the capital and largest city of the Marshall Islands. It is also a large coral atoll of 64 islands. It is surrounded by clear blue waters and has over 800 species of fish as well as 160 of coral. That’s why it is considered one of the best places in the world for scuba diving.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 261 km²
Official name of Saint Kitts and Nevis is Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis. This tiny island nation is situated between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The island country is in the West Indies, located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles.
They occupy a total area of 261 sq.km, which places Saint Kitts and Nevis at number eight of the world’s smallest countries. The population of Saint Kitts and Nevis is around 53,000 (July 2019) and it is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere.
The island country is also referred to as The Mother Colony of the West Indies as they were the first islands to be occupied by Europeans.
9. Maldives – 300 km²
The Maldives is a popular tourist destination in the Indian Ocean with over 1,192 coral islands. It is located southwest of India and Sri Lanka.
Scattered over a territory spanning roughly 90,000 sq km (35,000 sq miles), the Maldives is one of the world’s most geographically dispersed countries. The Maldives is the world’s ninth smallest country with a land area that measures a total of 300 sq. km.
With around 515,696 inhabitants it is the smallest country in Asia in terms of population and area.
With an average ground-level elevation of 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level, it is the world’s lowest-lying country, with even its highest natural point being one of the lowest in the world, at 5.1 metres (17 ft).
Read More: Top 10 Amazing Facts about Sri Lanka
10. Malta – 316 km²
Malta is a beautiful archipelago in the central Mediterranean located between Sicily and the North African coast. It is known for historic sites related to a succession of rulers including the Romans, Moors, Knights of St. John, French and British.
The Republic of Malta is made up of three islands Gozo, Comino and Malta. With a population of over 450,000 inhabitants, it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
Malta has an area of 316 square kilometres, which puts it at number ten of the world’s smallest countries.
The World’s 50 Smallest Countries
|8||Saint Kitts and Nevis||261|
|12||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||389|
|14||Antigua and Barbuda||443|
|31||Trinidad and Tobago||5,128|