The Black Mamba is the fastest snake in the world. They can move with a speed of up to 20km/h. This is much faster than most of the snakes. These species arguably has the fastest strike of any snake in the world.
Fastest speed and strike make them the most deadliest snake in the world.
The Black Mamba is a member of the family Elapidae. It is native to parts of sub-Saharan Africa.
The Black Mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) is Africa’s longest most venomous snake. It is a long, thin snake with a coffin-shaped head. They can grow up to 14 ft but the average length of the Black mambas is 8.2 ft. It is the second-longest venomous snake after the King Cobra.
The Black Mambas have brown, grey or olive body colour with a lighter underbelly and are rarely black. They get their name from the blue-black colour of the inside of their mouth, which they display when threatened.
They are very unpredictable and nervous snakes at the same time they are agile and move very quickly. They rarely tolerate humans approaching and always seek to escape to a hole or bush when confronted.
Read More: Top 10 Amazing Facts about Black Mamba
When cornered, these snakes will raise their heads, sometimes with a third of their body off the ground, spread their cobra-like neck-flap, open their black mouths and hiss enough to frighten anyone.
If the black mamba attacks it strikes repeatedly, injecting large amounts of potent venom with each strike. A single bite can kill anywhere from 10-25 adults. It can strike 12 times in a row.
The black mamba is the most feared snake in Africa because of its size, aggression, venom toxicity and speed of onset of symptoms following bite.
Like cobras and coral snakes, the venom of a black mamba contains neurotoxins. In a single bite, it can deliver up to 400mg of venom. Before the advent of its antivenin, a bite from this deadly snake was 100 per cent fatal, usually within about 20 minutes. Without any medical assistance, most known fatalities have occurred within 30 minutes to 3 hours.