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What is the Smallest Country in the World?

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Vatican City is the world’s smallest country by land area and has an area of only 0.44 square kilometers (0.17 square miles)

There are 197 countries in the world and some of the nations are so small that they have an area of less than 100 square kilometers.

Vatican City – 0.44 km²

smallest country in the world Vatican city

Vatican City or the State of Vatican City is the smallest country in the world with only 0.44 sq.km land area. It is the spiritual and governing center of the Roman Catholic Church.

It is located on Vatican Hill in north-western Rome, Italy and west of the Tiber River. Vatican City comprises of roughly 110 acres of area and is surrounded by tall stone walls.

The State of Vatican City is ruled by the bishop of Rome – The Pope. It came into existence in 1929 after the Lateran Treaty signed between Italy and the Holy See. With just a population of 1000 people, it is also the smallest country in the world by population.

The Vatican is an absolute monarchy and full legislative, judicial and executive authority resides with the Pope. Vatican City is the only country in the world which is also a UNESCO Heritage site.

It is also home to the biggest church in the world – St. Peter’s Basilica, which holds some of the most significant artworks of the Renaissance such as The Pieta and the Creation of Adam.

The Vatican City came into existence in 1929 after the Lateran Treaty signed between Italy and the Holy See. It is different from the Holy See. The Holy See is the universal government of the Catholic Church.

The economy of the country is supported by the sale of postage stamps, tourist mementos, the entry fee for museums, the sale of publication, etc.

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