The Motherland Calls is the tallest statue in Europe. It is the centrepiece of a wider memorial complex that commemorates the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. The statue is an emblematic image of the Motherland, which calls on its sons and daughters to repulse the enemy and return to the attack.
It was designed by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and structural engineer Nikolai Nikitin. The construction of the colossal monument began in May 1959 and was finally completed on 15th October 1967. It was declared as the tallest statue in the world in 1967.
Standing tall at 85 m (279 feet) figure of a woman stepping forward with a raised sword. It is the tallest statue in Europe and the tallest statue of a woman in the world.
It is situated on Mamayev Kurgan, a hill in the city of Volgograd. It is a symbol of strength and determination, a call from the Motherland to never surrender and to maintain the attack until all enemies are defeated.
The sculpture is hollow from inside. The entire statue consists of separate cells or chambers, like rooms in a building. The concrete walls of the sculpture are 25–30 cm thick. The figure measures 52 m (171 ft) and the sword 33 m (108 ft). The monument weighs over 8,000 tonnes. The statue contains 5,500 tonnes of concrete and 2,400 tonnes tons of metal structures and the sword itself weighs 14 tonnes. The rigidity of the frame is supported by 99 metal cables constantly in tension.
This statue is dedicated to the Battle of Stalingrad, which lasted for 200 days. There are 200 steps leading up from the foot of the memorial complex to the base of the statue. These steps represent the 200 days of the Battle of Stalingrad.
The statue holds the grave of Marshal Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov, who killed 225 German soldiers and their allies during the Battle of Stalingrad.
A copy of the sculpture is present in Manzhouli, China. The sculpture is also depicted on a 1975 one Ruble commemorative coin.