Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas across the international border between Nepal and China.
The elevation of Mount Everest is 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level. The Royal Geographical Society gave Mount Everest its English name in honour of George Everest who was the British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843. Before naming it Everest, it was called Peak XV in English.
Mount Everest is not pronounced as Ever-est as everyone does. It is pronounced as Eve-rest.
Mount Everest is known as Sagarmatha in Nepali which means ‘Goddess of the Sky’, Chomolungma in Tibetan meaning ‘Mother Goddess of the Universe.
Mount Everest is estimated to be 50-60 million years old. The collision force of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates is still sending pressure to the Himalayas height. The summit of Everest increases a quarter of an inch each year.
Tenzing Norgay often called Sherpa Tenzing a Nepali-Indian Sherpa mountaineer and Edmund Hillary a New Zealand mountaineer and explorer made the first official ascent of Everest on 29 May 1953 using the southeast ridge route.
The Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou, Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25 May 1960.
Junko Tabei was the first woman to scale Mt Everest on May 16, 1975. On June 28, 1992, she ascended the Puncak Jaya in Indonesia to become the first woman to complete the Seven Summits.
Yuichiro Miura of Japan is the oldest person to climb Everest. He was 80 years old when he completed the summit in 2013. He broke his own record of being the oldest person to climb it at 70 years old in 2003.
Which is the highest mountain in the world?
Mount Everest or Mauna Kea?
Well it depends on how you measure the mountains!
Mount Everest, located in Nepal is usually said to be the highest mountain on Earth. Reaching 8,848 m (29,029 ft) at its summit, Everest is indeed the highest point on earth above sea level.
Depending upon how you define “highest mountains,” Mount Everest has some rivals!
Mauna Kea has an altitude of 4,207.3 meters (13,803 feet) – much lower than Mount Everest. However, Mauna Kea is an island and if the distance from the bottom of the nearby Pacific Ocean floor to the peak of the island is measured, then Mauna Kea is “taller” than Mount Everest.
Moreover, Chimborazo in Ecuador has the distinction of being the “highest mountain above Earth’s center. It has an elevation of 6,263 m (20,548 ft).
This is because Earth is not a sphere – it is an oblate spheroid. As an oblate spheroid, Earth is widest at its equator. This means that mountains near the equator are technically higher than those in other areas.
Chimborazo is just one degree south of the equator while Everest is 28 degrees north