Giraffes are the tallest animal in the world. They can grow between 14 to 19 feet (4.3 to 5.8 meters) tall. Most of a giraffe’s height comes from its long neck and towering legs. The neck of a giraffe can extend almost 7 feet. A giraffe’s legs alone are taller than many humans about 6 feet.
Next to the giraffe in the lists of Tallest Animal in the world is the elephant, specifically the African bush elephant. Males of this species have a shoulder height of 10.5 to 13 feet. The bush elephant’s nearest relative, the African forest elephant is between 7 and 8 feet at the shoulder
Giraffes are found in the dry savannahs of Africa, where they roam among the open plains, woodlands and grasslands.
These gentle giants, the tallest living land animals in the world are Herbivores and eat only plants. They spend most of the time eating and can eat up to 45kg of leaves and twigs a day.
Even the giraffe’s tongue is long. The 21-inch (53cm) tongue helps them pull down leaves growing way up high. It is purplish-black in colour, maybe to protect against sunburn.
The average weight of an adult male giraffe is 1,192 kg (2,628 lb) and 828 kg (1,825 lb) for an adult female giraffe with maximum weights of 1,930 kg (4,250 lb) and 1,180 kg (2,600 lb) having been recorded for males and females respectively.
A baby Giraffe is called Calve and is 6 feet tall at the time of birth. They may grow one inch every day during their first week. Within a few hours of birth, the calve can run around and is almost indistinguishable from a one-week-old.
Female giraffes give birth standing up. Newborns are welcomed to the world with a 1.5m drop to the ground.
In the wild Giraffes live for around 25 years. In captivity they live longer and have been known to reach 40 years old.